DESCRIBE TABLE in ABAP

DESCRIBE TABLE statement in ABAP programs are used to retrieve the attributes of an internal table.

Syntax

DESCRIBE TABLE itab [KIND knd] [LINES lin] [OCCURS n].

KIND addition: Is used for retrieve the type of internal table.It will return as following

  • T (For standard tables)
  • S (For sorted tables)
  • H (for Hashed tables)

LINES addition: Is used for retrieve the current number of rows in an internal table.

OCCURS addition: Is used for retrieve the specified initial memory requirement for the table.

By running DESCRIBE TABLE statement the following system fields filled with the values.

  • sy-tfill (This system field contains the current number of rows)
  • sy-tleng (This system field contains length of row in bytes)
Also Read : View Other ABAP Keywords & Syntax -> ABAP Transaction codes