ABAP CALL METHOD statement

CALL METHOD statement is sued for calling a method in ABAP Objects. Methods are coming under object oriented Programming concept. A method call can be static or dynamic. In static call the method id is already known in that program, but in dynamic call the method id is determined at runtime.

Syntax for static CALL METHOD

  • CALL METHOD <meth> [EXPORTING … <ii> =.<f i>… ]

[IMPORTING … <ei> =.<g i>… ]

[CHANGING  … <ci> =.<f i>… ]

[RECEIVING r = h ]

[EXCEPTIONS… <ei> = r i…     ]

[PARAMETER-TABLE <ptab>]

[EXCEPTION-TABLE <etab>].

 

  • [CALL METHOD]<meth>( … ).

 

See the sample usage structure

METHOD m1.

ENDMETHOD.

CALL METHOD m1

EXPORTING p1 = text

p2 = number

IMPORTING p3 = date

p4 = amount

EXCEPTIONS ex1 = 10

ex2 = 20

OTHERS = 30.

 

OR

 

METHOD m1.

ENDMETHOD.

m1( EXPORTING p1 = text

p2 = number

IMPORTING p3 = date

p4 = amount

EXCEPTIONS ex1 = 10

ex2 = 20

OTHERS = 30 ).

 

Syntax for dynamic CALL METHOD

CALL METHOD <meth>

In dynamic calling we cannot specify the parameters in parenthesis.

 

See the usage

class    = ‘CL_GUI_FRONTEND_SERVICES’.

meth     = ‘GUI_DOWNLOAD’.

CALL METHOD (class)=>(meth)

PARAMETER-TABLE

ptab

EXCEPTION-TABLE

etab.

 

CALL METHOD OF statement

It is used for calling a method in OLE2 automation.

Its syntax is

CALL METHOD OF <obj> <m>.

Also Read : View Other ABAP Keywords & Syntax -> ABAP Transaction codes